Before understanding the signs and symptoms of endometriosis it is important to understand what exactly is endometriosis and how it affects the womenfolk.
Endometriosis is known to occur when the tissue which is found inside the uterus grows in other parts of the body.
Thus it might get attached to the ovaries or fallopian tubes and in some extreme cases it might get attached to the exterior of the uterus even or any other internal structure.
During menstruation, there are hormonal changes in a women’s body and it is at that time that this tissue might break down and thereby cause painful adhesions or scars.
It is believed that more than 5.5 million American women are known to suffer from the same, hence a proper understanding is a must.
Endometriosis is known to affect those women who are in their reproductive years. It is considered to be one of the main cause of pelvic pain in women.
What is most shocking is that around 20%-50% women who are getting treated for infertility are known to suffer from Endometriosis.
This is known to be quite common in white women as compared to African or Asian women. One of the main reasons held for this disease is delayed pregnancy.
Sometimes genetic factors too are known to be a cause of the same.
Symptoms of Endometriosis:
Sometimes women who are suffering from endometriosis may not have any symptoms at all. However there are women who do show signs of pelvic pain, infertility.
Then there are some women who suffer from pain during sexual intercourse, cramping during intercourse.
There are a few who have painful bowel movements and urination. The pelvic pain may vary from women to women and basically depends upon menstruation.
Pain before and after menstruation is considered to be the single most important symptom of Endometriosis. Now most of you would be thinking that it is quite common for women to suffer from pain during periods, yes it is.
However make sure it is mild pain which you can get treated by using natural remedies or over the counter medicines.
If your pain is excessive and is hampering your daily activities and in a way unbearable and continues for more than 2-3 days then it is important that you should consult the doctor.
Some other symptoms of Endometriosis includes:
- Low back pain
- Blood in urine
- Chest pain
Who is at the risk of Suffering from Endometriosis?
- Girls whose periods started before the age of 12
- Girls whose mothers too suffered from the same
- Women who are having painful periods lasting more than 7 days
- Women whose monthly cycle is shorter than 28 days
- Women who are not having children
- Women in their 30’s and 40’s.
Examinations Recommended for Endometriosis
Getting treated for endometriosis is a must in order to avoid any further complications. If you have any of the above mentioned symptoms you should at once consult your doctor.
Doctor will conduct a pelvic exam in order to confirm whether your pain is due to endometriosis or any other reason.
Sometimes ultrasound, MRI , CT scan is also recommended for the patient. These examinations help to determine if there are any ovarian cysts or endometrial growth inside your body.
If all these are unable to understand the cause of your pain then the final and most important treatment is Laparoscopy where ‘Laparoscope’ a viewing instrument is inserted inside the abdomen.
Treatment of Endometriosis
Anti inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen or naproxen are most commonly given to those suffering from menstrual pain or cramping. Oral contraceptive pills too are sometimes used to treat endometriosis.
Women who suffer from extreme menstruation pain are advised to take these pills continuously. Danazol is yet another pain relieving drug which is advised by the doctors.
However it is always recommended that you must consult your doctor first and take any medication only at his advice since symptoms are known to vary from women to women.
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