Age Related Macular Degeneration is one of the most common eye problems which tends to affect a large number of people.
In USA alone, it is estimated that as many as 1.75 million people are suffering from AMD.
The disease usually occurs in people of the age of 65 years and more.
It can lead to complete loss of vision and hence it should be treated at the earliest. If you are being negligent then you might lose your eyesight.
This post will let you know about the various causes as well as treatment of age related macular degeneration.
Age Related Macular Degeneration- What Is It?
AMD is said to be an eye disease which occurs owing to the degeneration of macula. Macula is a part of retina and it is responsible for our vision.
However if any kind of damage occurs to it, it leads to loss of vision. What is not known is that this disease occurs mostly in White population and in females most often.
Types of Macular Degeneration
Basically there are two types of Age Related Macular Degeneration: Wet and Dry. In Dry AMD, yellowish spots occur around the macula.
This is said to be the initial stage of the disease and doctors recommend the people to get it treated at this stage only in order to avoid further complications.
In Wet AMD, the white spots occur inside the retina and hence the damage is more. It can lead to complete loss of eyesight.
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Age Related Macular Degeneration Symptoms
It is rightly said that if you know the symptoms of a particular disease then it can be treated at the earliest. This is true in case of AMD as well.
It is said to be a slow process and the person may not lose his eyesight all of a sudden, rather it might take occur over a period of time.
Thus if you suffer from any kind of trouble in your eyesight or else if you have shadowy or distorted vision then you should not ignore it in anyway, consult a good doctor at the earliest.
The eye care practitioner will take certain tests of your eyes to see your eyesight and based on the reports of retinal examination he will give you further advice.
In some of the cases after retinal examination, if blurred vision is detected the doctor asks the patient to undergo fluorescein angiography.
Causes of Age Related Macular Degeneration
Various studies have been conducted world over to know the causes of Age Related Macular Degeneration.
While most of these studies believe that age is one of the main factors responsible for AMD on the other hand some studies have shown that genetic component too plays an essential role.
The deficiency of gene called as Complement Factor H (CFH) is said to be responsible for Macular Degeneration in the human eye.
Yet another case is the side effects caused by the excessive intake of any drugs. Some studies have also shown that obesity and high blood pressure too might cause macular degeneration.
What is the Treatment for Macular Degeneration?
Though no effective cure of the disease is available but certain measures and precautions can go a long way in helping a person cured.
However this is dependent upon the fact whether the disease is still in its initial stage or in advanced form.
Some of the essential nutrients like zinc, vitamin C, A and E are said to be effective in preventing the person from getting this disease.
Include more of green leafy vegetables as well as fruits in the diet which can help in the elderly people to stay fit and active and thereby minimise the occurrence of this disease.